Historic Home Receives Shingle Roof System after Devastating Storm

The big storm took a toll on the old house.

The big storm took a toll on the old house.

In the spring of 2011, a devastating storm brought heavy winds, torrential rain, baseball-sized hail and an unforgiving tornado to Centerville, Ohio. Sitting directly in the path of destruction was one of the oldest homes in town. Left unprotected, the building had suffered significant damage. After years of neglect, Thrush & Son LLC, Brookville, Ohio, a company with three generations of experience in restoring homes and a reputation for its attention to detail, was called in to survey the damage—and it did not look good.

The historic home was in need of new siding, windows, aluminum gutters, entry doors, garage doors and a roof. Thrush & Son was up to the task and came with a plan to reverse the storm’s destruction. To accomplish the team’s goal of restoring the historic roof, Thrush & Son relied upon the safety and security of a shingle roof system to get the job done.

Rebuilding History in Centerville

Thrush & Son provided the homeowners, the Utz family, with a detailed, step-by-step, analysis of the damage to their home, as well as a two-pronged proposal. The company’s immediate goal was to restore the home to the way it was before the storm. Thrush & Son also felt that improving the quality of the home was important. To be successful with its restoration plan, Thrush & Son recommended the Signature Select System featuring Starter Shingles, Pro-Cut Hip & Ridge, Gorilla Guard Underlayment and 76 squares of StormMaster Slate Blackstone. Thrush & Son believed this line would not only hold true to the character of the home, but also bring back some of its authenticity.

Thrush & Son recommended the Signature Select System featuring Starter Shingles, Pro-Cut Hip & Ridge, Gorilla Guard Underlayment and 76 squares of StormMaster Slate Blackstone.

Thrush & Son recommended the Signature Select System featuring Starter Shingles, Pro-Cut Hip & Ridge, Gorilla Guard Underlayment and 76 squares of StormMaster Slate Blackstone.


 
It didn’t take much to convince the Utz family, who liked the idea of a 20-year extended premium protection period (as well as the lifetime warranty), to choose the full Signature Select System for the home.

Corey Thrush, chief marketing officer for Thrush & Son, explained why the Signature Select System was chosen for the project: “Having new shingles installed is something homeowners will only have to do once or twice in their lifetime and we wanted to help them get it right the first time around. The home was not just important to the Utz family, but as one of the original homes in Centerville, it holds a special place in the hearts of the townspeople as well.”

Choosing Shingles

The big storm took a toll on the old house. Thrush & Son, who have been preferred contractors of the roofing manufacturer since 2012, knew right away that the Signature Select System’s products would be perfect for the job. “We have been using Atlas products for a number of years,” Thrush notes. “And we have seen the continued evolution of not only the products, but the company, as well.”

Thrush & Son had to make several changes to the home, including removing the box gutters, cutting off the rafter tails and installing new fascia board.

Thrush & Son had to make several changes to the home, including removing the box gutters, cutting off the rafter tails and installing new fascia board.

The original structure had undergone many modifications during the past century, including different roof pitches and dead valleys. Because of the alterations, Thrush & Son had to make several changes to the home. Removing the box gutters, cutting off the rafter tails and installing new fascia board were critical to the project. With the preliminary work out of the way, Thrush & Son was happy to put the Signature Select System to work.

Home Sweet Home

Despite the many challenges, Thrush & Son was soon able to restore the historic house. Thrush & Son used metal valleys during the StormMaster Slate application, which allowed the shingles to be installed from one pitch to the next without complications. This application also helps with the unsightly appearance of a hump in the roof due to a no-cut valley, a straight cut valley or a woven valley. Additionally, because the Signature Select System was so easy to work with, roofers were able to do the job quickly so the project was completed on time.

The newly finished roof will provide the Utz family with unmatched protection for years to come. StormMaster Slate shingles have a Class 4 impact resistance rating to help resist hailstorms. They also offer a 130-mph Wind Limited Warranty, which is the ultimate security against strong winds. Finally, the power of Scotchgard Protector will keep the architectural shingles beautiful year after year, as they prevent the ugly black streaks caused by algae.

Thrush & Son used metal valleys during the installation, which allowed the shingles to be installed from one pitch to the next without complications.

Thrush & Son used metal valleys during the installation, which allowed the shingles to be installed from one pitch to the next without complications.

Celebrating the successful completion of the project, Thrush praised the roofing system. “We believe the product is a great partnership for us, as well as for the homeowner,” he said. “We always install the entire Signature Select System to ensure the customer gets the extra 10 years of premium protection before the proration begins.”

Finally, with the warranty submitted and the renovations complete, the customer (and the entire town of Centerville) can rest easy because the historic home is now protected by a new roofing system.

Roof Materials

Signature Select System from Atlas Roofing

PHOTOS: Atlas Roofing

Built-in Gutters Should Be Carefully Inspected, Restored and Maintained

Sheet-metal gutter linings, whether made of copper, lead or both, are relatively involved and require the services of a highly skilled artisan craftsman.

Sheet-metal gutter linings, whether made of copper, lead or both, are relatively involved and require the services of a highly skilled artisan craftsman.

Built-in gutters may be the most complicated system in the building envelope, yet they are also the most elusive when you start searching for information about them. Sometimes called Yankee gutters, box gutters or even Philadelphia gutters, it’s no wonder they remain a mystery to many. Built-in gutter systems are actually built into the cornice structure and drain through internal or external leaders. They are not readily visible from the ground, further lending to the mystery of their design and function. Because they are integrated into the structure, built-in gutter linings that fail will cause extensive damage to the cornice and sometimes also the interior of the structure.

In “Traditional Rainwater Conductor Systems of the 18th and 19th Centuries,” Karen Dodge of the U.S. National Park Service, Washington, D.C., states built-in gutters were first adopted in North America during the 18th century in high-style Georgian and Federal-style buildings, usually institutional or commercial, where refined architectural qualities were desired. Although built-in gutters are highly functional, they also serve an aesthetic purpose. As structures were erected in the classical order with elaborate cornices and entablature, it became necessary to collect and channel rainwater without detracting from the architectural character of the building. Built-in gutters served this function well, hidden from sight and shedding water to the exterior.

Built-in gutters, today, are typically constructed in the same manner as they have been since the 18th century. They are wooden boxes with bottoms sloped toward the outlets where water is drained to leaders, or conductor pipes, that channel the water away from the building. The first gutters in this style were actually troughs or box gutters, carved out of wood and rubbed with linseed oil or painted to protect the wood. Corners and seams were bonded with lead wedges. Needless to say, maintenance was critical to their success or failure. Later, the advent of sheet lead allowed for broader gutters, as linings covered the wooden troughs. By the end of the century, copper became available in the U.S. and a popular choice for gutter linings because of its durability and the functional nature of the material in a sheet-metal application.

INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE

The most common sign of water penetration is peeling paint and decay in the wood soffit under the gutter. Other signs are dark stains and mildew or deterioration of masonry. Water infiltration may be visible in attic spaces or areas beneath the gutters where plaster and other interior finishes evidence water damage. The sooner a leak or area vulnerable to failure is addressed, the smaller the scope and cost of repairs. Cleaning out leaves and debris from gutters as often as necessary is essential for durability and proper performance.

Careful inspection by a competent roofer is critical to the longevity and success of the system. He or she will look for defects, such as localized damage caused by fallen limbs or other debris, cracks from expansion and contraction at joints or folds, or pinholes from corrosion. Roofing tar and other bituminous compounds should never be used to patch, repair or coat gutter linings. It makes the condition of the gutter indeterminable, corrodes metal linings, will crack and fail quickly, and cannot be removed without destroying the lining. Ice damming is not uncommon in the winter but should not be removed with sharp tools for obvious reasons.

When tin or terne-coated steel gutter linings fail, water intrusion will occur and cause wood rot. Eventually, architectural details will be lost and replacement will be necessary.

When tin or terne-coated steel gutter linings fail, water intrusion will occur and cause wood rot. Eventually, architectural details will be lost and replacement will be necessary.

RESTORATION

Restoration of long-neglected built-in gutter systems that leak and have caused decay in the cornice and roof structure is often complicated and can be costly. But once the work is completed, a regularly maintained, well-detailed system can last 60 to 100 years or more, depending on the life of the metal lining. A preservation architect or consultant should inspect the building, propose treatment options, develop working drawings and specifications, and supervise bidding and construction. Temporary protection and permanent repairs should be performed by a roofer experienced in this specialty on historic buildings.

“We encourage restoration of historic built-in gutter systems,” says Michael Devonshire, a building conservator and principal at Jan Hird Pokorny Associates, New York. “The use of modern building materials as an adjunct to traditional materials boosts longevity.” Devonshire states the typical steps involved with a built-in gutter restoration involve:

  • Removing the gutter lining and 2 feet of the roof covering above the curbing of the gutter.
  • Repairs to rotted or otherwise deteriorated frame work. Where rafter ends or lookouts are rotted, install sisters (new rafter ends adjacent to old ones) or scarf in new wood and sisters.
  • Replacing the old wooden gutter bottom with a sustainable wood material, such as cedar or kilndried- after-treatment (KDAT) plywood. KDAT is treated for resistance to decay, minimal expansion and contraction, and increased longevity.
  • Installing the gutter lining: an elastomeric ice-and-water shield on the bottom (not always required); building felt; a slip-sheet of rosin paper; and copper on top (16 or 20 ounce, depending on the dimensions of the gutter).
  • Installing the roof covering on the roof deck above the gutter. This includes 2 feet of elastomeric ice-and-water shield (or copper flashing) beneath.
  • Repairing or replacing cornice mouldings, brackets and other architectural woodwork.

PHOTOS: WARD HAMILTON

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